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         Oenopides Of Chios:     more detail
  1. Oenopides: An entry from Gale's <i>Science and Its Times</i> by P. Andrew Karam, 2001

41. The Greek Period
480 471 BC· The Greek philosopher oenopides, born in chios, was the first, asit is known, to calculate the angle made by the axis of the Earth and its

42. 7. Appendix Geometry And Astronomy.
Of this kind maybe the most important was due to Hippocrates of chios (II half ofthe V century However, oenopides discovered maybe the obliquity of the ecliptic
Next: About this document Up: BEING AND SIGN Previous: 6. Conclusions.
7. Appendix: Geometry and Astronomy.
Is it possible a reconstruction of the evolution of the earliest geometry, until Euclid? And together, also the beginning of Greek astronomy? Maybe, not. However, it is not out of place to try this enterprise at the end of these two first reports, at least to fix our ideas. There is an ancient link between discrete, music and social-ritual space organisation on the one hand, and geometry, astronomy and social-ritual time on the other hand. In the figure 11 this correspondence is roughly displayed as described in Levi-Strauss Mythologiques, in Pythagorean mathematics and in modern mathematical physics. In the following we try to outline the historical connection between geometry and astronomy in Greek culture. The whole axiomatic method is heavily indebted with the eleatic dialectics. For example many terms have dialectic roots. The distinction between axioms and postulates also can be better realised reminding this origin: axioms were linked to the reductio ad absurdum, and were used to substitute the evidence-driven demonstrations. The postulates were instead typical assumptions by which to develop an argument. Eudoxus changes radically also Greek astronomy, and opens the road ''to the search for geometrical representations of the planetary system'' (4). He assumes four concentric rotating spheres for each planet ((NEUGEBAUER 1975),677), according to Heath, I 323, ''the first attempt at a purely mathematical theory of astronomy''. This is the thorough breakdown of the ''mythological paradigm'' in its core: the sky. It becomes a part of reality, even though subjected to its peculiar laws, where however logic and mathematics, and then human reason, hold. From Meteorologica (345a) we know instead that still for some Pythagoreans the Milk-way was produced by Phaeton's catastrophe, as a burning caused by some star or from the sun. In the so-called 'Eudoxus papyrus', about 300 B.C., fixed stars move on parallel circles, whereas planets, sun and moon motion form spirals. (687)

43. Diop: The Black African Presence In Ancient Egypt
Plato, and that there also came Pythagoras of Samos and the mathematician Eudoxus,{note 1} as well as Democritus of Abdera and oenopides {note 2} of chios.
Cheikh Anta Diop argues that many Ancient Egyptians were Black Africans; the Greek debt to Egypt The argument that Ancient Egypt was African deserves to be put Of course, there was also mixing with the Semitic-speaking peoples (the Akkadians, Phoenicians and Hyksos, the people of Babylonia and Assyria, and later the invading Arab armies) and with Indo-Europeans (elements of the Mitanni, Hyksos, Hittites and Sea Peoples; the invading Persian Empire, the Greeks that came in Alexander's wake; then the Romans). (1) Cheikh Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization , edited and translated by Mercer Cook, Lawrence Hill Books, Chicago 1974. The Great Sphinx had a negro head King Narmer, long regarded as the first Pharaoh - with negro features Pharaohs Zoser and Cheops Pharaohs Mycerinus and Mentuhotep I Pharaoh Sesostris I

44. Blank Entries From Eric Weisstein's World Of Scientific Biography
Translate this page Hermann (1894-1989) Ockham, William of (ca. 1285-1349) oenopides ofChios (b. ca. 480 BC) Oken, Lorenz (1779-1851) Oliphant, Marcus
Any assistance in providing definitions for the following items would be greatly appreciated. Please send additions to
Abbe, Ernst (1840-1905)

Adams, John Couch (1819-1892)

Aepinus, Franz (1724-1802)
Zwicky, Fritz (1898-1974)

45. PORCELAINia/Hellas/805
Series Hellas. This piece is named for the birthplace of oenopides(465 BC), a Pythagorean and leading astronomer of his time. The


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"Chios" Hellas Series
268 g Fired
Bisque Glaze
None Started Finished Style Monterey Series Hellas This piece is named for the birthplace of Oenopides (465 BC), a Pythagorean and leading astronomer of his time. The special quality of this work is found in its design elements which are all based on the number eight.

46. Food For Thought Biographies
Oehlenschlager, Adam Gottlob (Danish poet, dramatist), 17791850. Oenopidesof chios (Greek astronomer, mathematician), c.490-c.420 BC.

47. Áñ÷áßïé Åëëçíåò ÅðéóôÞìïíåò
Tannery, P. Diophanti Alexandrini opera omnia, p. 5371 - 1875. Oenopidesthe Chian ( Ïéíïðßäçò ï ×ßïò ). ( chios - 5th Cent. BCE ).
It is well known and firmly established that the Aegean Archipelago has been the cradle of civilisation. Most Aegean islands have been the birth place of a number of ancient Greek scientists, men and women. It may be noted as an example that the island of Samos has given birth to not less than 17 ancient scientists.
Furthermore on each of the Aegean islands have been found remains of remarkable Works of antiquity, such as Temples, Waterworks, Theatres etc., proving their high degree of civilisation. Again as an example the island of Samos has among other Works the vast Temple dedicated to goddess Hera and the uniquely constructed Aqueduct, dug into the mountain from opposite ends, which met underground with remarkable precision.
With the kind permission of the Author of the book "Ancient Greek Scientists", published in Greek, Constantinos Georgakopoulos, we have included in our pages excerpts he has prepared in English, referring to scientists born on some of the larger Aegean islands, together with brief summaries of important Works found on these islands. Those wishing to be able to read some names and text presented also in Greek, would need Greek Fonts.

48. ”ŠwŽj
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